California marks record high STD's in 2017

California marks record high STD's in 2017

California marks record high STD's in 2017

The state Department of Public Health says a record number of state residents - 308,043 - were diagnosed with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) last year, a number that's up 45 percent from just five years ago.

The most reported STD was chlamydia, with 218,710 cases reported in 2017.

In 2017, there were 30 stillbirths due to congenital syphilis in California; this is the highest number reported since 1995. In 2017, there were 278 stillbirths and 47 babies born with congenital syphilis in LA.

Officials are also increasing efforts to follow up on cases, especially those involving pregnant women with syphilis, she said.

Alfaro cited lack of access to health care, insurance and education as contributing factors to the rise in congenital syphilis. Other STDs on the rise were gonorrhea and syphilis.

Chlamydia has increased 9 percent in California since 2016. "So in San Francisco, we recommend young women 25 and under get screened for chlamydia and gonorrhea every year with their provider".

Her division released this preliminary data this week, a few months before the final numbers become available, because the increases are so dramatic, she said.

Rates of chlamydia are highest among young women, while men account for the majority of syphilis and gonorrhea cases. This represents an average infection rate of 34.3 cases per 100,000 Californians, higher than the national average of 8.7 per 100,000.

Those most commonly affected by chlamydia and gonorrhea are under 30 years old. New HIV infections fell in both California and nationwide between 2012 and 2016, in part because of improved treatment and increased use of the HIV-prevention pill known as PrEP.

Rates of sexually transmitted diseases in California reached a record high previous year and, state health authorities said Monday. STDs may also be more prevalent among vulnerable communities with low incomes, drug addiction problems, or mental illness.

If not treated, chlamydia and gonorrhea can cause infertility, long-term pelvic pain and ectopic pregnancy - when the fetus grows outside the uterus.

"STDs are preventable by consistently using condoms, and many STDs can be cured with antibiotics", said CDPH Director Dr. Karen Smith in a statement. Syphilis can lead to blindness, hearing loss and neurological issues, the wire service said.

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